Considering NT Wright

  • Transforming this World: The Hope of Glory by NT Wright +

    Wright confronts the perspective that this world doesn’t matter, and that we live only to be in heaven. He shows Read More
  • What is Good in a World that Defies Hope: a talk by NT Wright +

    This is the second part of three talks by NT Wright at Harvard University in November, 2008 on the topic Read More
  • 1
  • 2

grudem-wayneDr. Grudem continues his teaching on the trinity in part 2. Below is an outline of  the topics Grudem discusses. There is  a link to the MP3 audio at the end of the outline.

B) Three statements summarize the biblical teaching. (231-241)

1) God is three persons.

a) The fact that God is three persons means that each person of the Trinity is distinct from the other two persons. (John 1:1-2, 17:24; 1 John 2:1; Heb. 7:25; John 14:26;Rom. 8:27; Matt. 28:19; John 16:7; 1 Cor. 12:4-6)

i) The Holy Spirit is a distinct person not just the power of God. (Eph. 4:4-6; John14:26, 15:26; Rom. 8:26-27; 1 Cor. 2:10; Acts 16:6-7; Acts 8:29; Eph. 4:30)

(a) Passages that would not make sense if the Holy Spirit is just the "power of God." (Luke 4:14; Acts 10:38)

(b) What about 2 Cor. 3:17?2) Each person is fully God.

a) God the Father is clearly God.

b) The Son is fully God. (John 1:1-4, 20:28, 30-31; Titus 2:13; Rom. 9:5; Isa. 9:6; Col.2:9)

c) The Holy Spirit is also fully God. (Matt. 28:19; 1 Cor. 12:4-6; 2 Cor. 13:14; Acts 5:3-4; 1Cor. 3:16)

3) There is one God. (Deut. 6:4-5; 1 Kings 8:60; Isa. 45:5-6, 21-22; 1 Tim. 2:5, Rom. 3:30;1 Cor. 8:6; James 2:19)

4) Simplistic solutions must all deny one strand of biblical teaching.

5) All analogies have shortcomings. Ultimately no analogy adequately teaches about theTrinity, and all are misleading in significant ways.

6) God eternally and necessarily exists as the Trinity. (John 1:3; Col. 1:16; Heb. 1:2; Gen.1:2; John 17:5, 24)

C) Errors have come by denying any of the three statements summarizing the biblical teaching.(241-248)

1) Modalism claims that there is one person who appears to us in three different forms (or"modes"). (sometimes call Sabellianism or Modalistic Monarchianism)

a) Modalism gains its attractiveness from the desire to emphasize clearly the fact thatthere is only one God. (John 10:30, 14:9)b) Shortcoming: It must deny the personal relationships with in the Trinity and deniesthe independence of God.

2) Arianism denies the full deity of the Son and the Holy Spirit.

a) The term Arianism derives from fourth century Alexandrian bishop Arius, who taughtthat God the Son was created.

b) Subordinationism held that the Son was eternal and divine, but still not equal to the Father in being or attributes.

c) Adoptionism is the view that Jesus lived as an ordinary man until his baptism, butthen God "adopted" Jesus as his "Son" and conferred on him supernatural powers.

d) The Filioque ("and from the Son") Clause (John 15:26, 16:7)

e) The Importance of the Doctrine of the Trinity

i) Atonement, Justification, Idolatry, Independence and Personality of God, Unity inthe Universe

3) Tritheism denies that there is only one God.

D) What are the distinctions between the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit? (248-256)

1) The persons of the Trinity have different primary functions in relating to the world(economy of the Trinity).

a) Creation (John 1:3; Col. 1:16; Gen. 1:2)

b) Redemption (John 3:16; Gal. 4:4; Eph. 1:9-10; John 6:38; Heb. 10:5-7; John 14:26,3:5-8; Rom. 8:13; Acts 1:8)

2) The persons of the Trinity eternally existed as Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. (Eph. 3:14-15; John 1:1-5; Phil. 2:5-11; Eph. 1:3-4; Rom. 8:29; 1 Peter 1:2; John 3:16-17)

a) The only distinction between the members of the Trinity is in the ways they relate toeach other and to the creation. (ontological equality but economic subordination)

3) What is the relationship between the three persons and the being of God?

a) God's being is not divided into three equal parts belonging to the three members ofthe Trinity.

b) The personal distinctions in the Trinity are not something added onto God's real being.

c) The persons of the Trinity are not just three different ways of looking at the one being of God.

d) There are three distinct persons, and the being of each person is equal to the wholebeing of God.

4) Can we understand the doctrine of the Trinity?

a) Although the doctrine of the Trinity is shrouded in mystery, it is not correct to saythat we can understand nothing about the Trinity.

E) Application (256-257)

1) Unity and Diversity in Creation (Gen. 1:27; Eph. 5:31; 1Cor. 11:3; 1 Cor. 12:12; Eph.2:16, 3:8-10)

http://scottsdalebible.com/assets/audio/christian-essentials/20060820WGrudem.mp3

Reflections to Consider

  • 1

Publications

  • 1

Music

  • 1

Audio & Video

  • 1

The Hit List

  • Total Forgiveness, RT Kendall +

    This was a valuable resource for me in a time of hurt from a brother in Christ. I could not Read More
  • Never Forsaken by Emily Williams +

    Easter is a celebration of certainties for Christians. We know that the resurrection of Jesus provides evidence that he can Read More
  • Letting Go of Old Hurts +

    One of the hardest things in life is to let go of old hurts. We often say, or at least Read More
  • A Searcher: Hurt by Johnny Cash +

    The struggles of living apart from Christ--searching, and breaking. I wear this crown of thorns Upon my liar's chair Full Read More
  • 1

Gems

  • Worry +

    Do we trust God to take care of each and every one of our troubles, or do we act like Read More
  • One Prayer Away: Yolanda Adams +

    Yolanda Adams effectively portrays the experiences of brokenness and longing for change I know there are times in your life,When Read More
  • The Christian's Secret to a Happy Life +

    The Christian's Secret to a Happy Life, by Hannah Whitehall Smith. http://www.ccel.org/ccel/smith_hw/secret.titlepage.html From Christian Classics website: Sometimes it just feels Read More
  • June 10 Devotional: AW Tozer +

    LET FEAR BECOME TRUST What can we do but pray for the throngs of defiant men and women who believe Read More
  • 1