THE FIRST PSALM IS sometimes designated a wisdom psalm.
In large part this designation springs from the fact that it offers two ways, and only two ways — the way of the righteous (Ps.1:1-3) and the way of the wicked (1:4-5), with a final summarizing contrast (1:6).
The first three verses, describing the righteous person, fall naturally into three steps. In verse 1, the righteous person is described negatively, in verse 2 positively, and in verse 3 metaphorically. The negative description in verse 1 establishes what the "blessed" man is not like. He does not "walk in the counsel of the wicked"; he does not "stand in the way of sinners"; he does not "sit in the seat of mockers."
The wicked man, then, is grinding to a halt (walk/stand/sit). He begins by walking in the counsel of the wicked: he picks up the advice, perspectives, values, and worldview of the ungodly. If he does this long enough, he sinks to the next level: he "stands in the way of sinners." This translation gives the wrong impression. To "stand in someone's way" in English is to hinder them. One thinks of Robin Hood and Little John on the bridge: each stands in the other's way, and one of them ends in the stream. But "to stand in someone's way" in Hebrew means something like "to stand in his moccasins": to do what he does, to adopt his lifestyle, his habits, his patterns of conduct. If he pursues this course long enough, he is likely to descend to the abyss and "sit in the seat of mockers." He not only participates in much that is godless, but sneers at those who don't. At this point, someone has said, a person receives his master's in worthlessness and his doctorate in damnation. The psalmist insists, "Blessed is the man who does not walk in the counsel of the wicked, or stand in the way of sinners, or sit in the seat of mockers" (italics added). The righteous person is described negatively.
One might have expected the second verse to respond with contrasting parallelism: "Blessed, rather, is the man who walks in the counsel of the righteous, who stands in the way of the obedient, who sits in the seat of the grateful"– or something of that order. Instead, there is one positive criterion, and it is enough: "But his delight is in the law of the LORD, and on his law he meditates day and night" (1:2).
Where one delights in the Word of God, constantly meditating on it, there one learns good counsel, there one's conduct is shaped by revelation, there one nurtures the grace of gratitude and praise. That is a sufficient criterion.
Leviticus 4; Psalms 1-2; Proverbs 19; Colossians 2